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Why Green Peas are Healthy and Nutritious

High in Many Nutrients and Antioxidants

Green peas have an impressive nutrition profile.

Pea’s calorie content is fairly low and they contain just about every vitamin and mineral you need, in addition to a significant amount of fiber.

What makes peas unique from other vegetables is their high protein content.

They are also rich in polyphenol antioxidants, which are likely responsible for many of their health benefits.

They’re an Excellent Source of Protein

Green peas are one of the best plant-based sources of protein, which is a major reason why they are so filling, along with their high amount of fiber.

The unique protein content of green peas makes them an excellent food choice for those who do not eat animal products. However, it is important to note that they are not a complete source of protein, since they lack the amino acid methionine.

To ensure you get enough of all the essential amino acids in your diet, make sure to pair green peas with another source of protein to make up for the deficit.

They Support Healthy Blood Sugar Control

Green peas have several properties that may help support blood sugar control.

They have a relatively low glycemic index (GI), which is a measure of how quickly your blood sugar rises after eating a food.

Diets that contain a lot of low-GI foods have been shown to be helpful for regulating blood sugar levels.

The effects that green peas may have on blood sugar are known to reduce the risk of several conditions, including diabetes and heart disease.

The Fiber in Peas May Benefit Digestion

Green peas contain an impressive amount of fiber, which has been shown to provide many benefits for digestive health.

Most of the fiber in green peas is insoluble, meaning it does not blend with water, but rather functions as a “bulking agent” in your digestive tract.

May Be Protective Against Some Chronic Diseases

Green peas have several characteristics that may help prevent a few chronic diseases, which are reviewed below.

Heart Disease

Green peas contain a decent amount of heart-healthy minerals, such as magnesium, potassium and calcium.

Diets high in these nutrients may be helpful for preventing high blood pressure, which is a major risk factor for heart disease.

The high fiber content of green peas and legumes has been shown to lower total cholesterol and “bad” LDL cholesterol, both of which increase the risk of heart disease when they are elevated.

Green peas also provide flavonols, carotenoids and vitamin C, antioxidants that have been shown to reduce the likelihood of heart disease and stroke due to their ability to prevent damage to cells.


Eating green peas regularly may reduce the risk of cancer, mostly due to peas’ antioxidant content and their ability to reduce inflammation in the body.

Green peas also contain saponins, plant compounds known for having anti-cancer effects.

Furthermore, they are rich in several nutrients known for their ability to lower the risk of cancer, including vitamin K, which may be especially helpful for reducing the risk of prostate cancer.


Green peas have a few characteristics that are known to aid blood sugar control, which is an important factor in preventing and controlling diabetes.

Their fiber and protein prevent your blood sugar levels from rising too quickly, which helps keep diabetes under control.

Furthermore, the low glycemic index (GI) rank of green peas makes them a diabetic-friendly food, since they are unlikely to spike your blood sugar.

They also provide a decent amount of magnesium and B vitamins, in addition to vitamins K, A and C. All these nutrients have been found to help reduce the risk of diabetes.

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